References

Million Dollar Blocks

This project is based upon the Zip Codes concept developed by Eddie Ellis and his study group at Green Haven Prison as well as the “Million Dollar Blocks” concept developed by Laura Kurgan (Center for Spatial Research) and Eric Cadora (Justice Mapping Center). Please see the references below for more information on each of these ground-breaking projects.

Frances S. Clines, “Ex-Inmates Urge Return to Areas of Crime to Help,” New York Times , December 23, 1992.

Million Dollar Blocks Initiative, Center for Spatial Research (Columbia University)

Justice Mapping Center

Chicago’s Million Dollar Blocks

Incarceration in Los Angeles

The Los Angeles County Jail system, which the Vera Institute of Justice describes as the “world’s largest jail system,” has been the subject of several important studies. The studies listed below are among the most recent.

Los Angeles County Jail Overcrowding Reduction Project: Final Report, Revised” (Vera Institute of Justice, 2011).

James Austin, Wendy Naro-Ware, Roger Ocker, Robert Harris, Robin Allen, “Evaluation of the Current and Future Los Angeles County Jail Population” (JFA Associates, 2012)

ACLU SoCal and Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, “A Way Forward: Diverting People with Mental Illness from Inhumane and Expensive Jails into Community-based treatments that Work” (July 2014)

Kelly Lytle Hernandez, City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles (University of North Carolina Press, 2017)

Jail Systems in the United States

Jails are the “front door” to the U.S. carceral system. The studies below provide an overview of the U.S. jail system and why reducing incarceration on the local level will prove key to ending mass incarceration in the United States.

Ram Subramanian, Ruth Delaney, Stephen Roberts, Nancy Fishman, and Peggy McGarry, Incarceration’s Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America (Vera Institute of Justice, 2015).

Ram Subramanian, Christian Henrichson, and Jacob Kang-Brown, In Our Own Backyard: Confronting Growth and Disparities in American Jails (New York: Vera Institute of Justice, 2015).